Current gasoline octane grades range widely from RON 80 to RON 100, or AKI 81 to 91, in the Americas. Several countries have two or more grades available on their markets, while countries such as Ireland (RON 95), Italy (RON 95) and several African countries have only one gasoline grade.
The 70th meeting of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 70) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) met in London Oct. 24 through 28, and has set Jan. 1, 2020 as the entry-into-force date of the 0.5% global sulfur in marine fuel cap.
Although sulfur reduction remains the most dominant on-road diesel quality issue being addressed by governments and stakeholders globally, other properties such as density, cetane, lubricity, polyaromatics (PAH) and total aromatics are important in determining diesel quality
Despite significant progress in improving fuel specifications with reductions in lead and sulfur levels, ensuring compliance with fuel-quality standards continues to be challenging in Asia-Pacific, especially in developing Asian countries that lack resources and environmental awareness to ensure enforcement and compliance with the limits.
Stratas Advisors predicts that by the end of 2016 new vehicle registrations will reach 4.74 million for LDVs (light-duty vehicles). The majority of those vehicles—approximately 3.5 million accounting for 74.3% of the market— will use conventional gasoline.